Early Menopause

Early Menopause

Overview

Menopause refers to the end of the menstrual cycle. This usually occurs in women aged 45 -55 years. If women less than 45 years of age undergo menopause, it is called early menopause.

When the production of eggs by the ovaries stops, there is a fall in the hormone estrogen. This estrogen is responsible for the female reproductive cycle. A fall in estrogen leads to menopause. Additionally, when the ovaries are removed (for other medical conditions like cancer) it can lead to menopause.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Irregular periods
  • Periods lasting longer or shorter than usual
  • Spotting between periods
  • Increased bleeding during periods
  • Moodiness
  • Lack of sleep
  • Sweating at night
  • Dryness in vagina
  • Hot flashes
  • Incontinence

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Bad lifestyle habits – lack of exercise, nutritious food and sun exposure
  • Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis
  • Epilepsy
  • Turner’s syndrome
  • Genetic predisposition – if the mother attained early menopause, chances of daughter attaining early menopause is greater

Complications

Loss of estrogen very early does increase a patient’s risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, dementia and premature death.

Diagnosis: Menopause doesn’t usually require any diagnostic tests. But if early menopause is suspected, the doctor may suggest some hormonal tests for diagnosis.

Surgery/Treatment

There are no surgical interventions for early menopause. The condition itself does not require any treatment either. However, if the symptoms are causing a lot of discomfort, then there are some treatment options that can be tried. The treatment will depend on the symptoms the patient is feeling and the doctor will guide the patient on this.

Prevention

There are no known ways of preventing early menopause but the following have been shown to be effective:

  • Stopping smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly
  • Making the right food choices

We are with you in your journey to better health

A consultation with our panel of doctors, specialists and surgeons will help you determine what kind of services you may need to help diagnose and treat your condition. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle are facing any health issues, please get in touch with us, we are here for you.