Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts


When fluid filled sacs develop on the surface of the ovary, they are called ovarian cysts. Mostly symptomless, many women do not realise they have cysts. If the cyst ruptures, then it could cause problems.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Stomach might have a bloated/full feeling
  • Pain in the abdomen on the side of the cyst

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Use of drug clomiphene that is used to trigger ovulation
  • Lining of uterus growing outside uterus – endometriosis
  • A pelvic infection that affects the ovaries
  • History of ovarian cysts


  • Cysts that develop after menopause could be malignant
  • Large cysts can move the ovary – this can be very painful
  • Rupture of cysts is also painful


  • Pelvic examination
  • Ultrasound to diagnose the cyst, its location and whether it is solid or liquid filled
  • Laparoscopy done under anaesthesia to diagnose and remove cysts
  • A blood test called CA 125 to find out increased levels of protein of the same name


If the cyst is large and increasing in size, surgery will be recommended.

  • Surgery to remove only cyst
  • Surgery to remove cyst along with the ovary
  • If cancer is confirmed, removal of uterus and associated organs might also be suggested.

The surgery done depends on the patient’s condition.


Regular pelvic examinations aid in early diagnosis and treatment.

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