Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts

Overview

When fluid filled sacs develop on the surface of the ovary, they are called ovarian cysts. Mostly symptomless, many women do not realise they have cysts. If the cyst ruptures, then it could cause problems.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Stomach might have a bloated/full feeling
  • Pain in the abdomen on the side of the cyst

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Use of drug clomiphene that is used to trigger ovulation
  • Lining of uterus growing outside uterus – endometriosis
  • A pelvic infection that affects the ovaries
  • History of ovarian cysts

Complications

  • Cysts that develop after menopause could be malignant
  • Large cysts can move the ovary – this can be very painful
  • Rupture of cysts is also painful

Diagnosis

  • Pelvic examination
  • Ultrasound to diagnose the cyst, its location and whether it is solid or liquid filled
  • Laparoscopy done under anaesthesia to diagnose and remove cysts
  • A blood test called CA 125 to find out increased levels of protein of the same name

Surgery

If the cyst is large and increasing in size, surgery will be recommended.

  • Surgery to remove only cyst
  • Surgery to remove cyst along with the ovary
  • If cancer is confirmed, removal of uterus and associated organs might also be suggested.

The surgery done depends on the patient’s condition.

Prevention

Regular pelvic examinations aid in early diagnosis and treatment.

We are with you in your journey to better health

A consultation with our panel of doctors, specialists and surgeons will help you determine what kind of services you may need to help diagnose and treat your condition. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle are facing any health issues, please get in touch with us, we are here for you.