Pelvic Inflammatory Disease(PID)

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


A disease caused by sexually transmitted bacteria that affects the uterus and other female reproductive organs , it may not produce any symptoms and may be diagnosed only when there is an inability to get pregnant or when long term pelvic pain develops.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pelvic and abdominal pain
  • More than usual vaginal discharge that has a bad odour
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Irregular bleeding (in-between periods)
  • Intercourse is painful
  • Fever
  • Difficulty in passing urine

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Bacteria that get transmitted while having unprotected sex is the main cause of PID.
  • Bacteria can also enter the reproductive system during periods and after miscarriage, pregnancy and abortion.
  • Sometimes the bacteria enter via an intra-uterine birth control device (IUD).

Risk factors include having sex before 25 years of age, unprotected sex and having more than one sex partner.


Untreated, PID can cause enough damage to make pregnancy difficult. Long term pelvic pain and formation of abscess in the reproductive tract are other complications.


  • Detailed medical history
  • Pelvic examination
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Biopsy of endometrium
  • Laparoscopy


PID responds well to antibiotics in the initial stages. If it doesn’t respond, hospitalization may be needed for more intense treatment. Bursting of an abscess may need surgical intervention.


  • Use a condom
  • Asking the doctor about screening methods
  • Partners should also be checked for sexually transmitted infections

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