Poor Ovarian Reserve

Poor Ovarian Reserve


Ovarian reserve refers to the quality and quantity of eggs produced by the ovary. When this is lower than what is normal for a particular age, it is called poor ovarian reserve.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Women find it difficult to become pregnant
  • Even if they do get pregnant, they are more prone to miscarriage
  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy bleeding during periods

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation
  • Women with autoimmune disorders
  • Smoking
  • Infections of the pelvis
  • Mumps
  • Endometriosis
  • Genetic problems


Difficulty in getting pregnant and retaining the pregnancy.


Blood test for ascertaining the level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH). These levels should then be referenced against what is normal for that age group. Typically for those having poor ovarian reserve, FSH will be high and AMH will be low.


Women with poor ovarian reserve can get pregnant but early detection and treatment is important. Treatment with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has proved successful. Sometimes, in-vitro fertilization is recommended.


  • Eating a vitamin rich diet
  • Quitting smoking
  • Manage stress
  • Maintain weight

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