Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids

Overview

Uterine fibroids, also known as myomas, are growths on the uterus that are mostly non-cancerous in nature. The fibroids may vary in number from single to many with variation in sizes as well.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heavy periods
  • Periods that last longer than normal
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Need to urinate frequently
  • Constipation
  • Pain in the lower back and leg

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Genetic modification in cells
  • Estrogen and progesterone seem to aid fibroid growth
  • Family history of fibroids
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Being overweight
  • Diet that is low in fruits and vegetables
  • Vitamin D deficiency

Complications

  • Fatigue
  • Anaemia that might lead to a need for blood transfusion

Diagnosis

  • Pelvic examination during which the doctor may find the uterus shape to be abnormal leading to the possible presence of fibroids.
  • Blood tests for anaemia and thyroid dysfunction
  • Abdomen ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Hysteroscopy

Surgery/Treatment

  • Medication to restore normal periods cycle are available. If the patient is not troubled by the fibroids, it is best to wait and watch. Fibroids mostly shrink after menopause.
  • Ultrasounds to heat and destroy fibroids. This is done inside an MRI machine and guided by the MRI images. However, this is a new technology.
  • Cutting off blood supply to the fibroids thus shrinking them.
  • Minimally invasive laparoscopy to remove fibroids.
  • Abdominal myomectomy which is an open surgery to remove the fibroids.
  • Hysterectomy to remove the uterus.

Prevention

  • Eating healthy food rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Making good lifestyle choices

We are with you in your journey to better health

A consultation with our panel of doctors, specialists and surgeons will help you determine what kind of services you may need to help diagnose and treat your condition. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle are facing any health issues, please get in touch with us, we are here for you.