Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids


Uterine fibroids, also known as myomas, are growths on the uterus that are mostly non-cancerous in nature. The fibroids may vary in number from single to many with variation in sizes as well.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heavy periods
  • Periods that last longer than normal
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Need to urinate frequently
  • Constipation
  • Pain in the lower back and leg

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Genetic modification in cells
  • Estrogen and progesterone seem to aid fibroid growth
  • Family history of fibroids
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Being overweight
  • Diet that is low in fruits and vegetables
  • Vitamin D deficiency


  • Fatigue
  • Anaemia that might lead to a need for blood transfusion


  • Pelvic examination during which the doctor may find the uterus shape to be abnormal leading to the possible presence of fibroids.
  • Blood tests for anaemia and thyroid dysfunction
  • Abdomen ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Hysteroscopy


  • Medication to restore normal periods cycle are available. If the patient is not troubled by the fibroids, it is best to wait and watch. Fibroids mostly shrink after menopause.
  • Ultrasounds to heat and destroy fibroids. This is done inside an MRI machine and guided by the MRI images. However, this is a new technology.
  • Cutting off blood supply to the fibroids thus shrinking them.
  • Minimally invasive laparoscopy to remove fibroids.
  • Abdominal myomectomy which is an open surgery to remove the fibroids.
  • Hysterectomy to remove the uterus.


  • Eating healthy food rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Making good lifestyle choices

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