Uterine Polyps

Uterine Polyps


The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Growths on this endometrium are called endometrial polyps or quite simply, polyps. Though usually benign, there is a possibility of these polyps becoming cancerous. Polyps may vary in both number and size.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Irregular periods – duration of a period cycle as well as time interval between two cycles is unpredictable
  • Heavy periods
  • Post-menopausal bleeding
  • Inability to conceive

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Hormonal changes
  • Women just before and after menopause are more at risk
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Tamoxifen, a drug used in the treatment of breast cancer, can cause polyps


Women with polyps have difficulty in conception. Removing the polyps might help with pregnancy.


  • Ultrasound and hysterosonography to diagnose polyps
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Biopsy of the endometrium, but in some cases the biopsy could miss the polyp cells


If the polyp does not cause any problems, it would be best to wait and watch.

Certain hormonal medication can be used to treat polyps. However, there is always a chance for the recurrence of the condition.

Hysteroscopy can be done to remove the polyps. After removal, the polyps are sent for biopsy.


  • Undergoing regular check-ups
  • Keeping blood pressure under check
  • Maintaining ideal weight

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