When the head/brain experiences a sudden forceful impact, it might suffer a traumatic brain injury. Usually the result of road traffic accidents, bad falls, violent acts, etc. the brain might get bruised and the nerves in the brain injured. Sometimes, the skull itself can be fractured and in such cases a piece of the skull might pierce the brain. Symptoms for a traumatic brain injury vary from headache and vomiting to vision issues and cognitive problems. A brain injury requires immediate medical attention. Doctors will order a CT scan to examine the brain thoroughly. They will also keep a check on any increase in brain pressure.
For mild injuries, rest and observation should be sufficient. In case of pain, doctor will prescribe pain killers. When the injury is bad and requires emergency care, the doctor will make sure the brain is receiving sufficient oxygen and blood pressure is kept under control. Treatment will progress depending on the injury sustained. Emergency surgery might also be performed. Typically, after traumatic brain injuries rehabilitation will be needed.