Liver Tumour/Cancer

Liver Tumour/Cancer

Overview

Because the liver is the main organ that filters the blood circulating through the body, there are high chances of it being prone to all kinds of cancerous cells. In most cases, liver cancer indicates cancer elsewhere, but there is a condition where cancer begins in the liver itself, known as hepatocellular carcinoma. The other uncommon forms of liver cancer are intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of liver cancer are chalky white stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, upper abdominal pain, sudden weight loss and eye discolouration.

Causes and risk factors

The changes in the DNA may stimulate the uncontrollable growth of cells that turn into cancerous cells. Hepatitis Infections can also cause liver tumours. Factors that may increase the risk of developing liver tumour are cirrhosis where scar tissues are developed in the liver; inherited diseases of the liver; being diabetic; excess alcohol consumption and fat accumulation in the liver.

Complications

Liver Cancer comes with the complications of bile duct constriction, bleeding, metastases or spreading of the tumour.

Diagnosis

Recommended tests are imaging tests like MRI, CT scan, biopsy and blood tests to diagnose the extent of the tumour.

Surgery

Depending on the functioning condition of the liver and the location of the tumour, surgery is suggested to remove the tumour affected portion of the liver. In certain cases a liver transplant may be required.

Prevention

Taking steps to avoid Cirrhosis, and Hepatitis vaccinations could reduce the risk of developing liver tumours.

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