Esophagitis is an inflammation in the lining of the esophagus. If untreated, this can cause discomfort to the patient and lead to alterations in the structure of the esophagus.

Signs and symptoms

Esophagitis is most commonly associated with abdominal pain, nausea, heartburn, mouth sores, lack of appetite and unexplained weight-loss.

Causes and risk factors

Esophagitis can be caused by a variety of factors – GERD, Allergies, infections, ingestion of chemical or certain medication. Smoking, pregnancy and a weak immune system increase the risk of esophagitis.


Left untreated, esophagitis could cause scarring and narrowing of the esophagus, tearing of the esophagus and increase your risk of esophageal cancer.


In addition to the patient medical history and a physical exam, the doctor may call for a Barium X-ray, an endoscopy and an allergy panel. A small tissue sample may also be taken to test for pre-cancer cells.

Treatment and Surgical Interventions

Treatment of esophagitis is intended to manage inflammation, treat complications and address the underlying cause of the condition. The doctor may prescribe antacids, H2 receptor blockers, proton pump inhibitors, steroidal medication or any other drug relevant to the cause of the inflammation.


Preventing acid reflux, keeping your allergies in check and avoiding certain medications can help reduce the risk of esophagitis.


Endoscopy Guidelines

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