Indigestion, Non-ulcer Dyspepsia

Indigestion, Non-ulcer Dyspepsia


Non-ulcer dyspepsia is a general term for recurring symptoms of indigestion, with no clear cause. Indigestion is very common in people of all ages. Typically, patients complain of pain and bloating in the upper abdomen.

Signs and symptoms

Indigestion usually feels like a burning pain in the upper abdomen, mostly accompanied by bloating, belching and nausea. If you experience any shortness of breath, bloody vomit or tarry stools, please consult a doctor immediately.

Causes and risk factors

The cause of non-ulcer dyspepsia is not clear. The risk of non-ulcer dyspepsia is higher in geriatric patients, women in general, patients with a history of anxiety or depression and smokers.


The condition can cause further deterioration of the patient’s mental health.


The doctor may take a series of blood and stool tests to rule out other gastrointestinal conditions. An upper digestive tract endoscopy may also be required.

Treatment and Surgical Interventions

Usually, a simple diet and lifestyle modifications will help ease the symptoms and the frequency of non-ulcer dyspepsia. Over-the-counter Antacids can be effective in treating indigestion. However, if chronic, the doctor may test and treat for H. pylori infections in the stomach. Proton pump inhibitors (acid-suppressing medication) may also be prescribed.


Indigestion can be prevented by controlling your diet – avoid excessively fatty or fried foods, chew meals well and eat 6 small meals a day. Taking up meditation or yoga to reduce day-to-day stress is also recommended.


Endoscopy Guidelines

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