Cholecystectomy (Laparoscopic cholecystectomy)

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less invasive than an open cholecystectomy (other form of gallbladder removal involves a larger incision).

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy helps people with gallstones that are causing pain and infection. Gallstones are crystals that form in the gallbladder. They can block the flow of bile out of the gallbladder into your digestive system. This roadblock causes cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder). Gallstones can also move to other parts of the body and cause problems.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy takes about an hour or two. Using the special tools, gallbladder is detached from the liver and removed. Occasionally, the gall bladder may be severely inflamed due to repeated infections and may be considered unsafe for laparoscopic removal. In about 5% of such cases, the patient may need an open cholecystectomy using a small right-sided incision.

The patient can usually go home after laparoscopic cholecystectomy the same day evening or the next day. After an open cholecystectomy, one may have to stay in the hospital for a day or two. The patient should be able to eat normally in a day or two, and return to work and other daily activities in about a week.

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