Blood Cancer

Blood Cancer


Blood cancer affects the production and function of blood cells and starts in bone marrow which is the integral source of blood production. Stem cells in our bone marrow mature and develop into three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. In case of cancer, the blood production process is interrupted due to the growth of an abnormal type of blood cell. The common types of blood cancer include Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma

What are the symptoms?

Blood cancer is a type of malignancy which affects the blood, bone marrow, or lymphatic system.

The most common blood cancer symptoms are:

  • Weakness, Fatigue and Malaise
  • Recurrent infections or fever
  • Sweating of body during night
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive or easy bruising
  • Bleeding gums
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lymph node (gland) enlargement
  • Lumps or abdominal distension due to enlarged abdominal organs
  • Occurrence of fine rashes on dark spots


Evaluation includes -

  • Complete blood test to look for abnormality in blood cells.
  • Bone marrow biopsy or biopsy from lymphnodes to diagnose the cancer
  • Immunohistochemistry and gene analysis to identify the sub-type of cancer and also to look for
  • The patient may need to undergo whole body PET CT for staging the disease.

What are the treatment options?

Treatment of leukaemia will be dependent on the type of leukaemia, current health and medical history as well as patient`s treatment preference.

Acute leukaemia typically requires immediate (within 24 hours) treatment.

Treatments for leukaemia include:

  • Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment
  • Radiation therapy (rarely)
  • Stem cell and bone marrow transplants / Donor lymphocyte infusion
  • Steroid therapy
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitory therapy (CML especially)
  • Surgery for lymph node removal to diagnose the disease

What we offer in our centre?

All latest treatment options for leukaemia including advanced chemotherapy, molecular therapy and allogenic bone marrow transplant if indicated

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