Gleneagles Global Breast Centre

Gleneagles Global Breast Centre

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer.

Advances in screening helps in early diagnosis of Breast cancer and advances in treatment have improved survival rates.

Highlights

The patient is at the heart of everything we do at Gleneagles Global Breast centre.

We believe that our patients should experience nothing less than exceptional level of medical care.

Our compassionate doctors, with special expertise in treating all types of Breast cancer (early to advanced cancer) provide the Best care for Breast cancer.

The UNWAIT philosophy aims to complete Triple assessment (clinical assessment, Imaging and Pathological examination) of Breast cancer within 24 hours of first visit

Screening

  • State of art FULL FIELD DIGITAL MAMMOGRAM
  • High Resolution Ultrasound of Breast
  • MR Mammogram
  • Dedicated breast imaging SPECIALIST RADIOLOGIST

Interventional Breast Radiology services

  • Ultrasound guided biopsy of Breast Lump
  • Stereotactic biopsy - Mammogram guided Biopsy
  • Sentinel Lymph node biopsy
  • Pre-operative Wire Localisation of non-palpable Breast Lumps
  • Pre surgical Image guided tissue marker placement before giving chemotherapy (neoadjuvant chemotherapy)
  • Specimen mammogram localisation of Early non palpable breast tumours
  • USG guided drainage of Breast cysts/ Breast abscess
  • Fine Needle aspiration cytology/ Core needle Biopsy

Management

  • Breast Lumps can be either benign or malignant.
  • More than 90% of Breast lumps are usually benign. ( not cancerous)
  • The management for the disease and further therapy and follow up depends on the same.

Benign Breast Diseases

The most common Benign Breast Lumps are Fibroadenoma and Breast cysts. Benign Breast Lumps are evaluated and diagnosed by High Resolution Ultrasound. Small cysts or Fibroadenoma require no intervention and are kept under observation. Larger Fibroadenomas can be removed surgically in a day care procedure by scarless surgery or by Vacuum assisted Biopsy.

Malignancy of Breast- Breast Carcinoma

Diagnosing breast cancer

Tests and procedures done to diagnose breast cancer include Full Field Digital Mammogram, USG of Both Breast and Biopsy from the Breast Lump.

After diagnosis, patient may need further scans (PET scan, CT chest, Bone scan) to stage the patient as early or advanced or metastatic Breast cancer.

Surgery for early breast cancer

The surgical options for Early Breast cancers are

  • Breast Conservation Surgery – Wide Local excision of Breast lump with adequate margins- Frozen section analysis and Oncoplastic Breast Reconstruction.
  • Management of Axillary nodal metastasis
    • Axillary occult nodal metastasis can be addressed by State of the art Sentinel Lymph node biopsy using Radio-active sulphur colloid and Gamma camera.
    • Avoids unwanted axillary dissection and associated morbidity

    After Breast conservation surgery, the residual Breast is reconstructed. This is called as Onco-plastic Breast Reconstruction

  • Onco-Plastic Breast Reconstruction is performed with
    • Local oncoplastic procedures
    • Pedicled LD flap
    • Micro vascular free flap reconstruction like DIEP
    • Breast Silicone Implants
  • Modified Radical Mastectomy
  • It is complete surgical removal of Breast and all axillary lymph nodal tissue. With recent advances in Management, nowadays this is being done in a select few patients with advanced Breast cancer and who are not eligible for Conservative Breast Surgery

OTHER treatments for breast cancer

Hormone Therapy

  • Hormone therapy is used to treat breast cancers that are sensitive to hormones.
  • Commonly used hormone therapy in Breast cancers is directed against estrogen receptor positive (ER positive) and progesterone receptor positive (PR positive) cancers.
  • Hormone therapy can be used before or after surgery or other treatments to decrease the chance of cancer returning.
  • Treatments that can be used in hormone therapy include:
  • Medications that block hormones from attaching to cancer cells (selective estrogen receptor modulators)
  • Medications that stop the body from making estrogen after menopause (aromatase inhibitors)

Targeted Therapy

  • Targeted drug treatments attack specific abnormalities within cancer cells.
  • As an example, several targeted therapy drugs focus on a protein that some breast cancer cells overproduce called human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2).
  • The protein helps breast cancer cells grow and survive. By targeting cells that make too much HER2, the drugs can damage cancer cells.

Chemotherapy

  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy fast-growing cells, such as cancer cells.
  • If the cancer has a high risk of spreading to another part of the body, the patient may be recommended to undergo chemotherapy, after surgery to decrease the chance of recurrence.
  • Chemotherapy is sometimes given before surgery in women with larger breast tumours to downstage tumours. The goal is to shrink a tumour to a size that makes it easier to remove with surgery.
  • Chemotherapy is also used in women whose cancer has already spread to other parts of the body.

Radiotherapy

  • Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams of energy, such as X-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells.
  • External beam radiation of the whole breast is commonly used after a lumpectomy.
  • Breast brachytherapy may be an option after a lumpectomy if patients have a low risk of cancer recurrence.
  • Radiation therapy to the chest wall might be needed after surgery for larger breast cancers or cancers that have spread to the lymph nodes.
  • Breast cancer radiation can last from few days to six weeks, depending on the treatment

Phyllodes Tumour

  • They are a rare form of breast tumours arising from the stroma of breast.
  • They may be benign, malignant or borderline.
  • Based on the histology and site and size, the patient may need surgery in the form of wide local excision or mastectomy.
  • Adjuvant Therapy is needed in case of advanced and high-grade histology.

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We are with you in your journey to better health

A consultation with our panel of doctors, specialists and surgeons will help you determine what kind of services you may need to help diagnose and treat your condition. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle are facing any health issues, please get in touch with us, we are here for you.