Transverse myelitis is a disorder characterised by inflammation of the spinal cord. Usually, both sides of the same section of the spinal cord become inflamed. The neurological disorder damages the myelin sheath, which is the insulating protective layer of the nerve cell. This interrupts the electrical signals sent from the spinal cord to the rest of the body, resulting in sensory problems, bowel and bladder dysfunction, muscle weakness, or paralysis. Transverse myelitis could be caused by infections or auto-immune disorders.