Foot and Ankle Surgery

Foot and Ankle Surgery

Ankle Arthrodesis

Ankle arthrodesis is a surgery that involves fusing the bones of the ankle to overcome the effects of arthritis. The ankle has two joints:

  • The tibiotalar joint that is the meeting of the shin bone with the foot bone.
  • The subtalar joint formed when two of the tarsal bones in the foot meet.

Arthritis can lead to pain and swelling in the aforementioned joints. Ankle arthrodesis done to treat this can be performed either as an open surgery or arthroscopically. During surgery, the joints will be pressed together and then secured in that position using metal screws, nails, etc. Sometimes, a bone graft may be used to hasten healing. Post-surgery pain is expected. It will be managed with medication; keeping the foot raised will also help. The foot will be immobilized in a brace to prevent any movement. Complete recovery will take 3-6 months.

Lisfranc Fracture

A Lisfranc fracture sustained as a result of contact sports, fall, or road traffic accidents, involves the bones in the mid-section of the foot. The Lisfranc ligament is found in between two bones (medial cuneiform and second metatarsal) of the foot. These two bones meet to form the Lisfranc joint. Any of the aforementioned injuries can damage the bones and injure the ligament. Pain felt in the middle of the foot, inflammation and inability to exert weight on the foot are the symptoms of this condition. Diagnosed with a physical examination and imaging tests, your doctor might suggest surgery to correct it.

During surgery, the bones will be realigned and held in place with metal plates, screws, wires etc. Any ligament injury will also be attended to. Alternatively, the surgeon might also perform a fusion surgery. Here, the bones are fused together. Both procedures will need foot immobilization for a few weeks.

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