Primary Total Hip Replacement
Here, the parts of the hip that are damaged are replaced by artificial implants. Usually, total hip replacement is suggested when arthritis has completely damaged the hip joints. When the patient is unable to lead a normal life because of hip pain, this procedure will aid in restoring near normalcy. The arthritis could be due to various causes.
- Osteoarthritis: Here, the cartilage inside the joints is damaged. Hence there is more friction and consequently more wear and tear.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system attacks its tissues.
Other than arthritis, osteonecrosis might also lead to a need for total hip replacement. Preparing for surgery involves giving a detailed medical history to your doctor, performing various blood tests and getting an x-ray. The surgical procedure is performed under general or spinal anaesthesia. Post-surgery, you might have to stay at the hospital 3 to 4 days. Smoking should be avoided as it inhibits healing. Physiotherapy will be started at the hospital, and this has to continue even after the patient goes home. Physiotherapy is an important part of the recovery process as it aids in strengthening the area. In 6-12 weeks, most of the daily activities can be resumed. However, high-impact sports should be avoided. Your doctor will guide you on the exercises that can be carried out without stressing the joint.