What are the different diseases/conditions treated by the Institute of Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement?
It is the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints. Joint pain and stiffness are the main symptoms of arthritis, which worsen with age.
- Avascular Necrosis
Lack of blood supply leads to the death of bone tissue. This leads to tiny breaks in the bone and the bone’s eventual collapse.
It is the most common form of arthritis. When the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time osteoarthritis occurs. Your hands, knees, hips and spine are most commonly affected with this disorder.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
It is a long-term, progressive, and disabling disease which causes inflammation, swelling, and pain in and round the joints and other body organs. The hands and feet are first affected by it.
- Rotator Cuff Strain
It is usually a strain or tear of the tissues connecting muscle to bone. Supraspinatus tendon is the most common site of a tear. Several of the tendons and muscles can tear due to severe injuries.
- Shoulder Impingement
It is a condition where your shoulder’s bursa and/or tissues connecting muscle to bone are intermittently trapped and compressed during shoulder elevation movements.
- Tennis Elbow
It is an inflammation of the tendons. It joins the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. The forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from overuse repeating the same motions again and again. This leads to pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow.
- Meniscus Tear
Meniscus tears occur in the knee due to sudden forceful twist.
- Disc Herniation
It is a fragment of the disc nucleus that is pushed out of the annulus, into the spinal canal through a tear or rupture in the annulus.
A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel which is also sometimes called a stricture.
- Pes Planus
Flatfoot which is also called pes planus is a condition in which the longitudinal arch in the foot. It runs lengthwise along the sole of the foot and has not developed normally and is lowered or flattened out. It may affect one foot or both feet.