What diseases do Pulmonologists treat?
- Allergy & Immunology
Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms. An allergist or immunologist is a physician specially trained to diagnose, treat and manage allergies, asthma and immunologic disorders including primary immunodeficiency disorders.
Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms (steroids). Severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open, as well as inhalant steroids.
- Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. The body produces thick and sticky mucus that can clog the lungs and obstruct the pancreas. Cystic fibrosis (CF) can be life-threatening, and people with the condition tend to have a shorter-than-normal life span.
- Bronchodilators. These drugs can help relieve coughing, shortness of breath and breathing problems by relaxing constricted airways.
- Inhaled steroids. Corticosteroid drugs inhaled as aerosol sprays reduce inflammation and may help relieve shortness of breath.
- Interstitial Lung Disease
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an umbrella term for a large group of disorders that cause scarring of the lungs. The scarring causes stiffness in the lungs which makes it difficult to breathe.
- Interventional Pulmonology
Interventional pulmonology is a relatively new field in pulmonary medicine. Interventional pulmonology uses endoscopy and other tools to diagnose and treat conditions in the lungs and chest. These procedures may be offered by pulmonologists (lung specialists) who have undergone extra training.
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of nocturnal breathing cessation due to upper airway collapse. OSA causes severe symptoms, such as excessive daytime somnolence, and is associated with a significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.